"Our World in Review:" Through the Camera Eye
America’s Hall of Fame: Presidents of the United States

This is Calvin Coolidge through Franklin Roosevelt. Yesterday was William McKinley through Woodrow Wilson.

This scholastic series of short films produced by Pathe News was evidently in multiple parts, but the only one I can find in the National Archives is Reel III, McKinley through Roosevelt.

Via the National Archives, todaysdocument

"Our World in Review:" Through the Camera Eye
America’s Hall of Fame: Presidents of the United States

This scholastic series of short films produced by Pathe News was evidently in multiple parts, but the only one I can find in the National Archives is Reel III, McKinley through Roosevelt.

I’m separating this into two posts: today is William Mckinley through Woodrow Wilson, and tomorrow is Calvin Coolidge through Franklin Roosevelt (who was President at the time this film was created, 1930/1931).

Via the National Archives, todaysdocument

edit: D’oh! Thanks, publiusx. Not sure exactly when this video was created, but probably 1934-ish?

The Johnson Landslide

The “Solid South" could reliably be counted on to vote Democratic - that is, in the interests of white men, from the end of the post-Civil War period until about 1948, when the Democratic Party began its gradual shift toward progressive causes and, in particular, support for the civil rights of African-Americans. In 1960, not even John Kennedy’s selection of Texan Lyndon Johnson as Vice President could save Virginia, Tennessee, and Florida from falling into the GOP’s hands.

By President Johnson’s election bid in 1964, he had already signed the controversial Civil Rights Act (“I think we just delivered the South to the Republican Party for a long time to come,” Johnson said), and, in November, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia and South Carolina would for the first time in decades vote Republican.

This shift, of course, did not go unnoticed by the GOP, who would at times appeal to racist tendencies of some southern strongholds to help elect Republican candidates.

The Johnson Landslide - Universal Newsreel Volume 37, Issue 89, 11/05/1964, via the National Archives, todaysdocument

Jimmy Carter chilling and eating barbecue chicken with his brother, Billy, at a campaign stop in 1976. They were at Billy’s gas station in their hometown of Plains, Georgia … but you probably could have guessed it was the south due to the sliced white bread & barbecue combo.

Via the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division

Jimmy Carter chilling and eating barbecue chicken with his brother, Billy, at a campaign stop in 1976. They were at Billy’s gas station in their hometown of Plains, Georgia … but you probably could have guessed it was the south due to the sliced white bread & barbecue combo.

Via the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division

Source: loc.gov

Gerald Ford sucking back that sweet tobacco at a desk in the study of the president of the University of Alabama, April 13, 1978.

Ford was a big-time pipe smoker, and even had a pipe in his hand for his presidential portrait. Ford smoked for decades, until one day …
According to Robert Barrett, the Army Military Aide to Ford during his presidency and later Ford’s Chief of Staff, it was Ford’s daughter Susan who convinced him to give up tobacco.

We’re sitting in the office out in Rancho Mirage and he says in his totally ineffective way as far as Susan’s concerned, “Well, you know, Susan, I’m pretty concerned about the fact that you’re smoking.”  And Susie being this snippet little thing that she is, she’s great, she says, “Well, Daddy, I’ll stop smoking cigarettes if you stop smoking pipes.”

He got up from his chair, he went over, – I bet you the collection, I don’t know, but it has to be worth a quarter of a million dollars.  I mean, there were ivory pipes and every head of state and every time he went somewhere, he got another pipe.  He gathered up all the pipes in the office, there were a bunch of them there.  Got a box from the conference room in the office out in Rancho Mirage.  All the pipes.  Leaves, goes all over the house.  Takes all the pipes, calls Penny in and says, “Send these to the museum.”  Last time he smoked a pipe.  Forty-two years smoking a pipe and he stopped, like, on a dime.

And in case you were wondering, according to Susan, he was a Field and Stream man.
William Stanley Hoole Special Collections Library, University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections

Gerald Ford sucking back that sweet tobacco at a desk in the study of the president of the University of Alabama, April 13, 1978.

Ford was a big-time pipe smoker, and even had a pipe in his hand for his presidential portrait. Ford smoked for decades, until one day …

According to Robert Barrett, the Army Military Aide to Ford during his presidency and later Ford’s Chief of Staff, it was Ford’s daughter Susan who convinced him to give up tobacco.

We’re sitting in the office out in Rancho Mirage and he says in his totally ineffective way as far as Susan’s concerned, “Well, you know, Susan, I’m pretty concerned about the fact that you’re smoking.” And Susie being this snippet little thing that she is, she’s great, she says, “Well, Daddy, I’ll stop smoking cigarettes if you stop smoking pipes.”

He got up from his chair, he went over, – I bet you the collection, I don’t know, but it has to be worth a quarter of a million dollars. I mean, there were ivory pipes and every head of state and every time he went somewhere, he got another pipe. He gathered up all the pipes in the office, there were a bunch of them there. Got a box from the conference room in the office out in Rancho Mirage. All the pipes. Leaves, goes all over the house. Takes all the pipes, calls Penny in and says, “Send these to the museum.” Last time he smoked a pipe. Forty-two years smoking a pipe and he stopped, like, on a dime.
And in case you were wondering, according to Susan, he was a Field and Stream man.

William Stanley Hoole Special Collections Library, University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
President William McKinley looking kinda grimly, surrounded by military officers of the Spanish-American War, including Majors-General Joseph Wheeler, Henry Ware Lawton, William Rufus Shafter and J. Warren Keifer.

This photo looks to have been created in 1898 - Lawton would be killed in December 1899 during the Philippine–American War.

Via Southern Methodist University, Central University Libraries, DeGolyer Library

President William McKinley looking kinda grimly, surrounded by military officers of the Spanish-American War, including Majors-General Joseph Wheeler, Henry Ware Lawton, William Rufus Shafter and J. Warren Keifer.

This photo looks to have been created in 1898 - Lawton would be killed in December 1899 during the Philippine–American War.

Via Southern Methodist University, Central University Libraries, DeGolyer Library

President William McKinley and his wife take part in the parade of the Fiesta de las Flores in Los Angeles, in May of 1901. One report estimates 20,000 roses adorned the float.

McKinley arrived on the 8th, and it’s likely the parade took place on the 9th. A Metropolitan News-Enterprise article from 2007 recounts the President’s visit from news reports at the time:

“The approach to the city of Los Angeles was heralded by a terrific din which could be heard for miles. Steam whistles screamed, cannon boomed and as the train passed through the Chinese quarter of the city long strings of firecrackers hung from awnings exploded like the continuous rattle of musketry.”

Shortly after 2:30 p.m., the train pulled into the Arcade Depot at Fifth Street and Central Avenue. Alighting from it was the president of the United States, William McKinley, along with his entourage.

They made their entrance “[a]mid the blowing of whistles and shouts of welcome from thousands of people,” as the Los Angeles Evening Express’ edition that night recites. The account adds that the shouting and cheering was “heard all over the downtown district.”

An editorial in that edition remarks that “Southern Californians have been counting time by months, by weeks, by days, by hours and finally by minutes in anticipation of greeting” the president.
According to the Historical Society of Southern California:
The Fiesta de las Flores was a later embodiment of the Fiesta de Los Angeles which had been cancelled for three years due to insecurities about its Spanish character during the Spanish-American War.

Like the Fiesta de Los Angeles, the celebration was meant to attract tourists and stimulate commerce for the city of Los Angeles and the surrounding communities, but its themes focused less on California’s Spanish Colonial past and highlighted its more contemporary and patriotic attributes. The first Fiesta de las Flores coincided with President William McKinley’s visit to Los Angeles in 1901.
Photo via the Center for Southwest Research, William A. Keleher Collection University Libraries, University of New Mexico

Top headline from the Los Angeles Herald, May 10, 1901, via the California Digital Newspaper Collection

What’s a campaign rally without a giant ox-roasting barbecue pit?

As near as I can tell, based on an article from the October 21, 1896, edition of the New Ulm Review, this was an event in support of 1896 Minnesota gubernatorial candidate John Lind, and it took place on Saturday, October 17, 1896, in Windom, Minnesota.

According to the New Ulm Review's “Political Points” column, recounting a series of rousing Lind rallies:

Windom and St. James followed suit on Saturday and Monday evenings, the out-pourings of people on each occasion being simply remarkable. In Windom the people got up a regular old-fashioned barbecue and enthusiasm prevailed at a high pitch.
Rally-goers were promised “Free Literature,” per the banner at the entrance. Along with, presumably, delicious roasted ox.

Windom was relatively new at that time. It was was platted in 1871 and then incorporated twice: once as a village in 1875 and then again in 1884. It was named for William Windom, a prominent local politician. First elected to Congress in 1859, Windom would also serve as Senator and twice as Secretary of the Treasury: under President James Garfield and later under President Benjamin Harrison. He died in 1891.

Lind lost that election, but would win in 1898.

Note: The description accompanying the photo in the collection refers to it as a Republican rally for presidential candidate William McKinley, but I can’t find any reference of an event like that for McKinley in Windom during that election year, and my hunch is that if a Lind rally made the papers, then a McKinley rally would surely have. So, I’m thinking it was the Lind event, though I’m only able to check against what I can find online. We may never know the truth about why all those people gathered to eat roasted ox!

Photo credit: Cottonwood County Historical Society Collection

(Minnesota Digital Library Coalition, Minnesota Reflections)